Reggin Industries Inc.
Custom Metal Fabricators

What is stainless steel?

Like all types of steel, stainless steel is not a single metal but an alloy which is a material made from two or more separate elements alloyed or melted together. The major ingredient of stainless steel is metal iron to which a small amount of carbon and a minimum of 10.5% chromium have been added.

Why stainless steel?

Corrosion Resistance

When stainless steel is exposed to oxygen in the air, the chromium in the metal reacts with the oxygen in the air to form an invisible, protective chromium-rich oxide film. This automatically occurring extremely thin, invisible and inert protective film tightly adheres to the alloy and protects the stainless product from corrosion. When this invisible film is damaged by abrasion or cutting, this alloy can rapidly self-repair in the presence of oxygen creating another protective film. In addition, high-alloyed grades of stainless steel can resist corrosion in most acids, alkaline solutions, and chlorine-bearing environments which makes stainless steel an excellent choice.

Environmentally Friendly

This natural non-toxic product is made from minerals of the earth that are neither synthetic nor in short supply. The greatest feature however has to do with its recycling properties. Stainless steel is 100% recyclable into the same product without any loss of quality. According to the Specialty Steel Industry of North American more , at least 60% of new stainless steel is made from recaptured melted down stainless steel. Another environmental-plus is that cleaning stainless steel does not require the use of environmentally hazardous chemicals.

Hygienic

Stainless steel´s hard, non-porous surface makes cleaning and disinfecting effective and reliable thereby making it difficult for germs to adhere and grow.

Strong, long-lasting and beautiful

High chromium and nickel-alloyed grades of stainless steel retain strength at high and low temperatures and resist scaling. Stainless steel is very durable, lasting many decades without deterioration in appearance. The bright, shiny and modern appearance of stainless steel, in addition to its other qualities, makes it a popular choice in design.

Life cycle makes it cost effective

Stainless steel may not appear to be the least expensive material choice, however when cost due to installation, regular maintenance, and periodic replacement is taken into account, stainless steel can actually be the most economic product choice. When properly selected, fabricated and maintained, stainless steel should last a lifetime.

What types of stainless steel do you use?

We generally use two types of stainless steel:

  • Type 304 is a basic chromium-nickel stainless steel that resists ordinary rusting, organic chemicals, many inorganic chemicals, and dyes.

  • Type 316 is similar to 304 but contains some molybdenum to further protect against corrosion in specific environments.

What finishes are available?

Although numerous finish options are available, the most common finish is a brushed #4 which is achieved by mechanically abrading the surface with a series of gradually finer abrasives. Smoother finishes can be achieved with finer abrasives, the smoothest of which is a mirror-like appearance. Non-directional patterns are also available to help resist scratching.

What is the best way to clean stainless steel?

For aesthetic reasons and to preserve corrosion resistance, stainless steel should be kept clean. Keep cleaning as basic as possible and work in the same direction as the grain.

Often simple glass cleaner will be sufficient for cleaning. If this doesn´t work, apply a little mild dish soap and warm water with a sponge or soft cloth and rinse thoroughly, then dry with a clean cloth to guard against streaking.

There are also many stainless steel cleaners on the market. Most contain oils or waxes that dissolve fingerprints and leave a thin, oil film on the surface that disguises new prints. However because oil attracts dirt and dust, surfaces treated with these products can appear darker and dull over times. If you notice this, switch to glass cleaner or mild soap.

If marks remain after cleaning, they may be something other than fingerprints. Possibilities include stains left by water that dried on the surface, and rust, often caused by cleaning products that contain chlorine. Gently scrub these spots with baking soda.

Never use an abrasive cleaner or an abrasive pad.

How can I remove/repair a scratch in my stainless steel?

Scratches in stainless steel can be difficult if not impossible to fix and should only be undertaken with caution. For minor surface scratches on finishes with long directional lines, a non-metallic abrasive pad such as a Scotch-Brite® pad can be used to rub long uniform strokes in the same direction as the current polishing lines to camouflage the scratch. For deep scratches a professional polisher may be required. In some cases, deep scratches cannot be repaired or eliminated and may require replacement.

How come my magnets don´t stick to my stainless steel surfaces?

Most stainless steel is non-magnetic rendering magnets non-functional. If magnetism is important to the project, a series of stainless steel is available with magnetic features.